TCU Criminal Thinking Scales

TCU Criminal Thinking Scales 3 (TCU CTS 3) includes 36 items from 6 scales representing Insensitivity to Impact of Crime, Response Disinhibition, Justification, Power Orientation, Grandiosity, and Social Desirability. This instrument is designed to be used as a tool to measure changes in criminal thinking; it is not designed to serve as a measure of criminal risk.


Institute of Behavioral Research. (2022). TCU Criminal Thinking Scale 3 (TCU CTS 3). Fort Worth: Texas Christian University, Institute of Behavioral Research. Available at