Danica Kalling Knight

Senior Research Scientist

Ph.D., Experimental Psychology
Texas Christian University

E-mail address:
d.knight@tcu.edu

Danica Kalling Knight joined the IBR in 1992. She is a Senior Research Scientist for the IBR, an Associate Professor of Psychology at TCU, and affiliated with the Karyn Purvis Institute of Child Development. Her research includes large-scale projects designed to improve health and reduce substance use by strengthening relationships, including caregivers and family members, as well as others within the clients’ networks. The scope of her recent publications focus on identifying factors affecting adolescent recovery from substance use; improving substance use screening, assessment, and treatment services for justice-involved youth; understanding organizational factors associated with the adoption, implementation, and use of best practices; and testing strategies for improving identification and coordination of substance use treatment programs and other health services. Dr. Knight is currently one of the Multiple PIs for the TCU hub of NIDA’s Justice Community Opioid Innovations Network (JCOIN). She serves as PI for the TCU research center of NIH/NIDA’s HEAL Prevention Grant called Preventing Opioid Use Among Justice-Involved Youth as they Transition to Adulthood: Leveraging Safe Adults or LeSA. She is also the PI for the NIDA grant called Family Assessment, Linkage, and Motivation Intervention or FAMLI. The JCOIN project seeks to improve local community public health and safety outcomes for reentering justice-involved individuals who either have a history of or are at risk for using opioids. The LeSA project targets the initiation and escalation of substance use by equipping parents with the tools to better support their justice-involved youth as they transition home after being detainment in secure juvenile justice (JJ) facilities. The FAMLI project aims to increase family engagement and support among justice-involved youth with substance use treatment needs. Additionally, Dr. Knight is one of the Multiple PIs for the grant Substance Use and Health Risk Intervention for Justice-involved Youth or SUHRI. This project seeks to develop an integrated health risk-reduction and motivational enhancement intervention for JJ youth that will be sustainable within a JJ supervision/case management context. Dr. Knight has published over 50 peer-reviewed papers, overseen the development of two treatment interventions (the Partners in Parenting program and the Treatment Readiness and Induction Program), and given over 130 presentations at local, national, and international conferences. In 2019, she served as Associate Editor of the Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment.

TCU Endeavors Interview with Danica Kalling Knight

Selected Publications

Becan, J., Fisher, J., Johnson, I., Bartkowski, J., Seaver, R., Gardner, S., … Knight, D. (2019). Improving Substance Use Services for Juvenile Justice-Involved Youth: Complexity of Process Improvement Plans in a Large Scale Multisite Study. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment. doi.org/10.1007/s10488-019-01007-z

Dennis, M. L., Smith, C. N., Belenko, S., Knight, D. K., McReynolds, L., Dembo, R., … Wiley, T. (2019). Operationalizing a behavioral health services cascade of care model: Lessons learned from a 33-site implementation in juvenile justice community supervision. Federal Probation Journal, 83(2), 52-64.

Elkington, K., Spaulding, A., Gardner, S., Knight, D. K., Belenko, S., Becan, J., … DiClemente, R. (in press). A system-level intervention to encourage collaboration between juvenile justice and public health agencies to promote HIV/STI testing. American Public Health Association (APHA).

Gardner, S. K., Ellington, K. S., Knight, D. K., Huang, S., DiClemente, R. J., Spaulding, A. C., … Baird-Thomas, C. (2019). Juvenile Justice Staff Endorsement of HIV/STI Prevention, Testing, and Treatment Linkage. Health & Justice. doi.org/10.1186/s40352-019-0096-7

Knight, D. K., Blue, T. R., Flynn, P. M., & Knight, K. (2019). The TCU Drug Screen 5: Identifying justice-involved individuals with substance use disorders. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, 57(8), 525-537. https://doi.org/10.1080/10509674.2018.1549180

Knight, D. K., Belenko, S., Wiley, T., Robertson, A. A., Arrigona, N., Dennis, M., Bartkowski, J. P., McReynolds, L. S., Becan, J. E., Knudsen, H. K., Wasserman, G. A., Rose, E., DiClemente, R., Leukefeld, C., & the JJ-TRIALS Cooperative. (2016). Juvenile Justice—Translational Research on Interventions for Adolescents in the Legal System (JJ-TRIALS): A cluster randomized trial targeting system-wide improvement in substance use services. Implementation Science, 11(1), 57.  PMCID: PMC4850663  DOI: 10.1186/s13012-016-0423-5  abstract

Knight, D. K., Joe, G. W., Crawley, R. D., Becan, J. E., Dansereau, D. F., & Flynn, P. M. (2016). The effectiveness of the Treatment Readiness and Induction Program (TRIP) for improving during-treatment outcomes. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 62, 20-27.  PMCID: PMC4304896  abstract

Becan, J. E., Knight, D. K., Crawley, R. D., Joe, G. W., & Flynn, P. M. (2015). Effectiveness of the Treatment Readiness and Induction Program for increasing adolescent motivation for change. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 50, 38-49.  PMCID: PMC4304896  abstract

Crawley, R. D., Becan, J. E., Knight, D. K., Joe, G. W., & Flynn, P. M. (2015). Predictors of physical altercation involvement among adolescents in residential substance abuse treatment. Deviant Behavior, 36(12), 996-1018.  PMCID: PMC4662565 [Available on 2016-10-29]  abstract

Landrum, B., Knight, D. K., Becan, J. E., & Flynn, P. M. (2015). To stay or not to stay: Adolescent client, parent, and counselor perspectives on leaving substance abuse treatment early. Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse, 24(6), 344-354.  PMCID: PMC4597590  abstract

Knight, D., Belenko, S., Robertson, A., Wiley, T., Wasserman, G., Leukefeld, C., DiClemente, R., Brody, G., Dennis, M., & Scott, C. (2015). Designing the optimal JJ-TRIALS study: EPIS as a theoretical framework for selection and timing of implementation interventions. Addiction Science & Clinical Practice, 10(Suppl 1), A29.  abstract

Knight, D. K., Dansereau, D. F., Becan, J. E., Rowan, G. A., & Flynn, P. M. (2015). Effectiveness of a theoretically-based judgment and decision making intervention for adolescents. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 44, 1024-1038.  PMCID: PMC4208977  abstract

Joe, G. W., Knight, D. K., Becan, J. E., & Flynn, P. M. (2014). Recovery among adolescents: Models for post-treatment gains in drug abuse treatments. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 46, 362-373.  PMCID: PMC3947115  abstract

Knight, D. K., Becan, J. E., Landrum, B., Joe, G. W., & Flynn, P. M. (2014). Screening and assessment tools for measuring adolescent client needs and functioning in substance abuse treatment. Substance Use & Misuse, 49(7), 902-918.  PMCID: PMC3998717  abstract

Knight, D. K., Becan, J. E., & Flynn, P. M. (2013). The impact of staff turnover on workplace demands and coworker relationships. Counselor: A Magazine for Addiction Professionals, 14(3), 20-23.  PMCID: PMC4986917

Becan, J. E., Knight, D. K., & Flynn, P. M. (2012). Innovation adoption as facilitated by a change-oriented workplace. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 42(2), 179-190.  PMCID: PMC3268854  [abstract]

Broome, K. M., Knight, D. K., Joe, G. W., & Flynn, P. M. (2012). Treatment program operations and costs. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 42(2), 125-133.  PMCID: PMC3268841  [abstract]

Flynn, P. M., Knight, D. K., Godley, M. D., & Knudsen, H. K. (Guest Eds.). (2012). Organizational dynamics within substance abuse treatment. Special Issue: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 42(2), 109-230.

Flynn, P. M., Knight, D. K., Godley, M. D., & Knudsen, H. K. (2012). Introduction to the special issue on organizational dynamics within substance abuse treatment: A complex human activity system. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 42(2), 109-115.  [abstract]

Knight, D. K., Becan, J. E., & Flynn, P. M. (2012). Organizational consequences of staff turnover in outpatient substance abuse treatment programs. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 42(2), 143-150.  [abstract]

Knight, D. K., Landrum, B., Becan, J. E., & Flynn, P. M. (2012). Program needs and change orientation: Implications for counselor turnover. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 42(2), 159-168.  PMCID: PMC3268900  [abstract]

Landrum, B., Knight, D. K., & Flynn, P. M. (2012). The impact of organizational stress and burnout on client engagement. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 42(2), 222-230.  PMCID: PMC3268890  [abstract]

Lehman, W. E. K., Becan, J. E., Joe, G. W., Knight, D. K., & Flynn, P. M. (2012). Resources and training in outpatient substance abuse treatment facilities. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 42(2), 169-178.  PMCID: PMC3268892  [abstract]

Edwards, J. R., Knight, D. K., & Flynn, P. M. (2011). Organizational correlates of service availability in outpatient substance abuse treatment programs. Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research, 38(4), 432-443.  [abstract]

Knight, D. K., Broome, K. M., Edwards, J. R., & Flynn, P. M. (2011). Supervisory turnover in outpatient substance abuse treatment. Journal of Behavioral Health Services and Research, 38(1), 80-90.  PMCID: PMC2888979  [abstract]

Lehman, W. E. K., Simpson, D. D., Knight, D. K., & Flynn, P. M. (2011). Integration of treatment innovation planning and implementation: Strategic process models and organizational challenges. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 25(2), 252-261.  [abstract]

Edwards, J. R., Knight, D. K., Broome, K. M., & Flynn, P. M. (2010). The development and validation of a transformational leadership survey for substance use treatment programs. Substance Use & Misuse, 45(9), 1279-1302.  [abstract]

Knight, D. K., Edwards, J. R., and Flynn, P. M. (2010). Predictors of change in the provision of services within outpatient substance abuse treatment programs. Journal of Public Health Management & Practice, 16(6), 553-563.  PMCID: PMC2978524  [abstract]

Broome, K. M., Knight, D. K., Edwards, J. R., & Flynn, P. M. (2009). Leadership, burnout, and job satisfaction in outpatient drug-free treatment programs. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 37(2), 160-170.  [abstract]

Flynn, P. M., Broome, K. M., Beaston-Blaakman, A., Knight, D. K., Horgan, C. M., & Shepard, D. S. (2009). Treatment Cost Analysis Tool (TCAT) for estimating costs of outpatient treatment services. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 100, 47-53.  PMCID: PMC2647776  [abstract]

Knight, D. K., Broome, K. M., Simpson, D. D., & Flynn, P. M. (2008). Program structure and counselor-client contact in outpatient substance abuse treatment. Health Services Research, 43(2), 616-634.  PMCID: PMC2442366  [abstract]

Knight, D. K., Bartholomew, N. G., & Simpson, D. D. (2007). An exploratory study of Partners in Parenting within two substance abuse treatment programs for women. Psychological Services, 4(4), 262-276.  [abstract]

Knight, D. K. & Wallace, G. (2003). Where are the children? An examination of children’s living arrangements when mothers enter residential drug treatment. Journal of Drug Issues, 33, 305-324.  [abstract]