Danica Kalling Knight

Senior Research Scientist

Ph.D., Experimental Psychology
Texas Christian University

E-mail address:
d.knight@tcu.edu

Dr. Danica Kalling Knight joined the IBR faculty in 1992. Throughout her 20-year career, she has engaged in large-scale research projects designed to further the field’s understanding of substance abuse treatment processes and promote best practices. She has served as the Principal Investigator for a federally-funded study of addicted women with dependent children, directed a multi-year/multi-site investigation of organizational costs and monitoring, and has been instrumental in adapting IBR assessment instruments and therapeutic tools for use with adolescent populations. Dr. Knight is currently the Principal Investigator for the Juvenile Justice – Translational Research on Interventions for Adolescents in the Legal System (JJ-TRIALS) Project, an NIH/NIDA-funded multi-site Cooperative Agreement designed to test implementation strategies for improving the availability and quality of substance use services for justice-involved youth under community supervision. She also serves as Co-Principal Investigator on a NIDA grant to adapt therapeutic tools for use with adolescent populations and examine organizational barriers to widespread use. Her publications have focused on the importance of social factors for clients in treatment, factors affecting adolescent recovery from substance abuse, and organizational factors associated with service provision.

TCU Endeavors Interview with Danica Kalling Knight

Selected Publications

Knight, D. K., Belenko, S., Wiley, T., Robertson, A. A., Arrigona, N., Dennis, M., Bartkowski, J. P., McReynolds, L. S., Becan, J. E., Knudsen, H. K., Wasserman, G. A., Rose, E., DiClemente, R., Leukefeld, C., & the JJ-TRIALS Cooperative. (2016). Juvenile Justice—Translational Research on Interventions for Adolescents in the Legal System (JJ-TRIALS): A cluster randomized trial targeting system-wide improvement in substance use services. Implementation Science, 11(1), 57.  PMCID: PMC4850663  DOI: 10.1186/s13012-016-0423-5  abstract

Knight, D. K., Joe, G. W., Crawley, R. D., Becan, J. E., Dansereau, D. F., & Flynn, P. M. (2016). The effectiveness of the Treatment Readiness and Induction Program (TRIP) for improving during-treatment outcomes. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 62, 20-27.  PMCID: PMC4304896  abstract

Becan, J. E., Knight, D. K., Crawley, R. D., Joe, G. W., & Flynn, P. M. (2015). Effectiveness of the Treatment Readiness and Induction Program for increasing adolescent motivation for change. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 50, 38-49.  PMCID: PMC4304896  abstract

Crawley, R. D., Becan, J. E., Knight, D. K., Joe, G. W., & Flynn, P. M. (2015). Predictors of physical altercation involvement among adolescents in residential substance abuse treatment. Deviant Behavior, 36(12), 996-1018.  PMCID: PMC4662565 [Available on 2016-10-29]  abstract

Landrum, B., Knight, D. K., Becan, J. E., & Flynn, P. M. (2015). To stay or not to stay: Adolescent client, parent, and counselor perspectives on leaving substance abuse treatment early. Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse, 24(6), 344-354.  PMCID: PMC4597590  abstract

Knight, D., Belenko, S., Robertson, A., Wiley, T., Wasserman, G., Leukefeld, C., DiClemente, R., Brody, G., Dennis, M., & Scott, C. (2015). Designing the optimal JJ-TRIALS study: EPIS as a theoretical framework for selection and timing of implementation interventions. Addiction Science & Clinical Practice, 10(Suppl 1), A29.  abstract

Knight, D. K., Dansereau, D. F., Becan, J. E., Rowan, G. A., & Flynn, P. M. (2015). Effectiveness of a theoretically-based judgment and decision making intervention for adolescents. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 44, 1024-1038.  PMCID: PMC4208977  abstract

Joe, G. W., Knight, D. K., Becan, J. E., & Flynn, P. M. (2014). Recovery among adolescents: Models for post-treatment gains in drug abuse treatments. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 46, 362-373.  PMCID: PMC3947115  abstract

Knight, D. K., Becan, J. E., Landrum, B., Joe, G. W., & Flynn, P. M. (2014). Screening and assessment tools for measuring adolescent client needs and functioning in substance abuse treatment. Substance Use & Misuse, 49(7), 902-918.  PMCID: PMC3998717  abstract

Knight, D. K., Becan, J. E., & Flynn, P. M. (2013). The impact of staff turnover on workplace demands and coworker relationships. Counselor: A Magazine for Addiction Professionals, 14(3), 20-23.  PMCID: PMC4986917

Becan, J. E., Knight, D. K., & Flynn, P. M. (2012). Innovation adoption as facilitated by a change-oriented workplace. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 42(2), 179-190.  PMCID: PMC3268854  [abstract]

Broome, K. M., Knight, D. K., Joe, G. W., & Flynn, P. M. (2012). Treatment program operations and costs. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 42(2), 125-133.  PMCID: PMC3268841  [abstract]

Flynn, P. M., Knight, D. K., Godley, M. D., & Knudsen, H. K. (Guest Eds.). (2012). Organizational dynamics within substance abuse treatment. Special Issue: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 42(2), 109-230.

Flynn, P. M., Knight, D. K., Godley, M. D., & Knudsen, H. K. (2012). Introduction to the special issue on organizational dynamics within substance abuse treatment: A complex human activity system. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 42(2), 109-115.  [abstract]

Knight, D. K., Becan, J. E., & Flynn, P. M. (2012). Organizational consequences of staff turnover in outpatient substance abuse treatment programs. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 42(2), 143-150.  [abstract]

Knight, D. K., Landrum, B., Becan, J. E., & Flynn, P. M. (2012). Program needs and change orientation: Implications for counselor turnover. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 42(2), 159-168.  PMCID: PMC3268900  [abstract]

Landrum, B., Knight, D. K., & Flynn, P. M. (2012). The impact of organizational stress and burnout on client engagement. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 42(2), 222-230.  PMCID: PMC3268890  [abstract]

Lehman, W. E. K., Becan, J. E., Joe, G. W., Knight, D. K., & Flynn, P. M. (2012). Resources and training in outpatient substance abuse treatment facilities. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 42(2), 169-178.  PMCID: PMC3268892  [abstract]

Edwards, J. R., Knight, D. K., & Flynn, P. M. (2011). Organizational correlates of service availability in outpatient substance abuse treatment programs. Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research, 38(4), 432-443.  [abstract]

Knight, D. K., Broome, K. M., Edwards, J. R., & Flynn, P. M. (2011). Supervisory turnover in outpatient substance abuse treatment. Journal of Behavioral Health Services and Research, 38(1), 80-90.  PMCID: PMC2888979  [abstract]

Lehman, W. E. K., Simpson, D. D., Knight, D. K., & Flynn, P. M. (2011). Integration of treatment innovation planning and implementation: Strategic process models and organizational challenges. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 25(2), 252-261.  [abstract]

Edwards, J. R., Knight, D. K., Broome, K. M., & Flynn, P. M. (2010). The development and validation of a transformational leadership survey for substance use treatment programs. Substance Use & Misuse, 45(9), 1279-1302.  [abstract]

Knight, D. K., Edwards, J. R., and Flynn, P. M. (2010). Predictors of change in the provision of services within outpatient substance abuse treatment programs. Journal of Public Health Management & Practice, 16(6), 553-563.  PMCID: PMC2978524  [abstract]

Broome, K. M., Knight, D. K., Edwards, J. R., & Flynn, P. M. (2009). Leadership, burnout, and job satisfaction in outpatient drug-free treatment programs. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 37(2), 160-170.  [abstract]

Flynn, P. M., Broome, K. M., Beaston-Blaakman, A., Knight, D. K., Horgan, C. M., & Shepard, D. S. (2009). Treatment Cost Analysis Tool (TCAT) for estimating costs of outpatient treatment services. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 100, 47-53.  PMCID: PMC2647776  [abstract]

Knight, D. K., Broome, K. M., Simpson, D. D., & Flynn, P. M. (2008). Program structure and counselor-client contact in outpatient substance abuse treatment. Health Services Research, 43(2), 616-634.  PMCID: PMC2442366  [abstract]

Knight, D. K., Bartholomew, N. G., & Simpson, D. D. (2007). An exploratory study of Partners in Parenting within two substance abuse treatment programs for women. Psychological Services, 4(4), 262-276.  [abstract]

Knight, D. K. & Wallace, G. (2003). Where are the children? An examination of children’s living arrangements when mothers enter residential drug treatment. Journal of Drug Issues, 33, 305-324.  [abstract]