Danica Kalling Knight

Senior Research Scientist

Ph.D., Experimental Psychology
Texas Christian University

E-mail address:
d.knight@tcu.edu

Dr. Danica Kalling Knight joined the IBR in 1992. Dr. Knight is a Senior Research Scientist for the IBR and an Associate Professor of Psychology at Texas Christian University’s (TCU) Karyn Purvis Institute of Child Development. She conducts large-scale research projects designed to improve adolescent health and reduce substance use by strengthening relationships, including caregivers and family members, as well as probation officers and others in their networks. Her publications focus on identifying factors affecting adolescent recovery from substance use; improving substance use screening, assessment, and treatment services for justice-involved youth; understanding organizational factors associated with the adoption, implementation, and use of best practices; and testing strategies for improving identification and linkage to substance use treatment and other health services. Dr. Knight is currently a Multiple Principal Investigator for the Texas hub of NIH/NIDA’s Justice Community Opioid Innovations Network (JCOIN), Principle Investigator for the Texas hub of NIH/NIDA’s HEAL Prevention grants, Preventing Opioid Use Among Justice-Involved Youth as They Transition to Adulthood: Leveraging Safe Adults (LeSA), and Principal Investigator for a NIH/NIDA grant Family Assessment, Linkage, and Motivation Intervention (FAMLI). The LeSA project targets initiation and escalation of substance use by equipping parents with tools to better support youth as they transition home after detainment in secure juvenile justice facilities. The FAMLI project aims to increase family engagement and support among justice-involved youth with substance use treatment needs. She has published over 50 scientific papers, developed two treatment interventions (Partners in Parenting and Treatment Readiness and Induction Program, an interactive approach to promoting readiness among adolescents), given over 130 presentations at local, national, and international conferences, and serves as Associate Editor of the Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment.

TCU Endeavors Interview with Danica Kalling Knight

Selected Publications

Knight, D. K., Belenko, S., Wiley, T., Robertson, A. A., Arrigona, N., Dennis, M., Bartkowski, J. P., McReynolds, L. S., Becan, J. E., Knudsen, H. K., Wasserman, G. A., Rose, E., DiClemente, R., Leukefeld, C., & the JJ-TRIALS Cooperative. (2016). Juvenile Justice—Translational Research on Interventions for Adolescents in the Legal System (JJ-TRIALS): A cluster randomized trial targeting system-wide improvement in substance use services. Implementation Science, 11(1), 57.  PMCID: PMC4850663  DOI: 10.1186/s13012-016-0423-5  abstract

Knight, D. K., Joe, G. W., Crawley, R. D., Becan, J. E., Dansereau, D. F., & Flynn, P. M. (2016). The effectiveness of the Treatment Readiness and Induction Program (TRIP) for improving during-treatment outcomes. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 62, 20-27.  PMCID: PMC4304896  abstract

Becan, J. E., Knight, D. K., Crawley, R. D., Joe, G. W., & Flynn, P. M. (2015). Effectiveness of the Treatment Readiness and Induction Program for increasing adolescent motivation for change. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 50, 38-49.  PMCID: PMC4304896  abstract

Crawley, R. D., Becan, J. E., Knight, D. K., Joe, G. W., & Flynn, P. M. (2015). Predictors of physical altercation involvement among adolescents in residential substance abuse treatment. Deviant Behavior, 36(12), 996-1018.  PMCID: PMC4662565 [Available on 2016-10-29]  abstract

Landrum, B., Knight, D. K., Becan, J. E., & Flynn, P. M. (2015). To stay or not to stay: Adolescent client, parent, and counselor perspectives on leaving substance abuse treatment early. Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse, 24(6), 344-354.  PMCID: PMC4597590  abstract

Knight, D., Belenko, S., Robertson, A., Wiley, T., Wasserman, G., Leukefeld, C., DiClemente, R., Brody, G., Dennis, M., & Scott, C. (2015). Designing the optimal JJ-TRIALS study: EPIS as a theoretical framework for selection and timing of implementation interventions. Addiction Science & Clinical Practice, 10(Suppl 1), A29.  abstract

Knight, D. K., Dansereau, D. F., Becan, J. E., Rowan, G. A., & Flynn, P. M. (2015). Effectiveness of a theoretically-based judgment and decision making intervention for adolescents. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 44, 1024-1038.  PMCID: PMC4208977  abstract

Joe, G. W., Knight, D. K., Becan, J. E., & Flynn, P. M. (2014). Recovery among adolescents: Models for post-treatment gains in drug abuse treatments. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 46, 362-373.  PMCID: PMC3947115  abstract

Knight, D. K., Becan, J. E., Landrum, B., Joe, G. W., & Flynn, P. M. (2014). Screening and assessment tools for measuring adolescent client needs and functioning in substance abuse treatment. Substance Use & Misuse, 49(7), 902-918.  PMCID: PMC3998717  abstract

Knight, D. K., Becan, J. E., & Flynn, P. M. (2013). The impact of staff turnover on workplace demands and coworker relationships. Counselor: A Magazine for Addiction Professionals, 14(3), 20-23.  PMCID: PMC4986917

Becan, J. E., Knight, D. K., & Flynn, P. M. (2012). Innovation adoption as facilitated by a change-oriented workplace. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 42(2), 179-190.  PMCID: PMC3268854  [abstract]

Broome, K. M., Knight, D. K., Joe, G. W., & Flynn, P. M. (2012). Treatment program operations and costs. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 42(2), 125-133.  PMCID: PMC3268841  [abstract]

Flynn, P. M., Knight, D. K., Godley, M. D., & Knudsen, H. K. (Guest Eds.). (2012). Organizational dynamics within substance abuse treatment. Special Issue: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 42(2), 109-230.

Flynn, P. M., Knight, D. K., Godley, M. D., & Knudsen, H. K. (2012). Introduction to the special issue on organizational dynamics within substance abuse treatment: A complex human activity system. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 42(2), 109-115.  [abstract]

Knight, D. K., Becan, J. E., & Flynn, P. M. (2012). Organizational consequences of staff turnover in outpatient substance abuse treatment programs. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 42(2), 143-150.  [abstract]

Knight, D. K., Landrum, B., Becan, J. E., & Flynn, P. M. (2012). Program needs and change orientation: Implications for counselor turnover. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 42(2), 159-168.  PMCID: PMC3268900  [abstract]

Landrum, B., Knight, D. K., & Flynn, P. M. (2012). The impact of organizational stress and burnout on client engagement. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 42(2), 222-230.  PMCID: PMC3268890  [abstract]

Lehman, W. E. K., Becan, J. E., Joe, G. W., Knight, D. K., & Flynn, P. M. (2012). Resources and training in outpatient substance abuse treatment facilities. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 42(2), 169-178.  PMCID: PMC3268892  [abstract]

Edwards, J. R., Knight, D. K., & Flynn, P. M. (2011). Organizational correlates of service availability in outpatient substance abuse treatment programs. Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research, 38(4), 432-443.  [abstract]

Knight, D. K., Broome, K. M., Edwards, J. R., & Flynn, P. M. (2011). Supervisory turnover in outpatient substance abuse treatment. Journal of Behavioral Health Services and Research, 38(1), 80-90.  PMCID: PMC2888979  [abstract]

Lehman, W. E. K., Simpson, D. D., Knight, D. K., & Flynn, P. M. (2011). Integration of treatment innovation planning and implementation: Strategic process models and organizational challenges. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 25(2), 252-261.  [abstract]

Edwards, J. R., Knight, D. K., Broome, K. M., & Flynn, P. M. (2010). The development and validation of a transformational leadership survey for substance use treatment programs. Substance Use & Misuse, 45(9), 1279-1302.  [abstract]

Knight, D. K., Edwards, J. R., and Flynn, P. M. (2010). Predictors of change in the provision of services within outpatient substance abuse treatment programs. Journal of Public Health Management & Practice, 16(6), 553-563.  PMCID: PMC2978524  [abstract]

Broome, K. M., Knight, D. K., Edwards, J. R., & Flynn, P. M. (2009). Leadership, burnout, and job satisfaction in outpatient drug-free treatment programs. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 37(2), 160-170.  [abstract]

Flynn, P. M., Broome, K. M., Beaston-Blaakman, A., Knight, D. K., Horgan, C. M., & Shepard, D. S. (2009). Treatment Cost Analysis Tool (TCAT) for estimating costs of outpatient treatment services. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 100, 47-53.  PMCID: PMC2647776  [abstract]

Knight, D. K., Broome, K. M., Simpson, D. D., & Flynn, P. M. (2008). Program structure and counselor-client contact in outpatient substance abuse treatment. Health Services Research, 43(2), 616-634.  PMCID: PMC2442366  [abstract]

Knight, D. K., Bartholomew, N. G., & Simpson, D. D. (2007). An exploratory study of Partners in Parenting within two substance abuse treatment programs for women. Psychological Services, 4(4), 262-276.  [abstract]

Knight, D. K. & Wallace, G. (2003). Where are the children? An examination of children’s living arrangements when mothers enter residential drug treatment. Journal of Drug Issues, 33, 305-324.  [abstract]